Monday, March 25, 2019

Oklahoma Voter Registration Map, January 2019

(click image to view larger)
In the latest installment of my long-running Voter Registration Maps series, we will once again take a look at voter registration across the state. These statistics are from the annual January 15th report from the State Election Board. I'm a bit behind on posting these, but better late than never.

Since last January, the GOP has taken a one-voter lead(!) in Roger Mills County as well as taken the lead in Garvin and Carter counties. Looking forward, the next counties likely to fall to the red wave are Comanche (1.37% Democrat lead), Cotton (1.61% Democrat lead), Marshall (4.85% Democrat lead), Pontotoc (current 4.91% Democrat lead), and Kiowa (5.45% Democrat lead).

Coal County is now the lone county with over 70% registered Democrats -- but just barely (70.94%). Major County is the most polarized county, with 76.98% Republicans and 14.93% Democrats.

Comanche County has the highest percentage of registered Independent voters at 19.35%, while Payne County has the highest percentage of registered Libertarians at 0.662%.

Wednesday, March 20, 2019

Pro Tem Treat announces bipartisan working group for Senate confirmation process

Pro Tem Greg Treat announces bipartisan working group for Senate confirmation process

OKLAHOMA CITY – Senate President Pro Tempore Greg Treat on Wednesday announced the members of a bipartisan working group to study the Senate’s confirmation process for executive nominations.

Pro Tem Treat made the announcement a week after new laws went into effect giving the governor the ability to hire and fire the heads of five of the largest state agencies. To ensure the proper vetting of executive nominations moving forward, Pro Tem Treat said he has tasked the working group with developing recommendations on how to make the Senate confirmation process more thorough and complete.

“I made the commitment to members of the Senate while advocating for this new appointment power for the governor that I would appoint a bipartisan working group to ensure the Senate confirmation process would be thorough and complete,” said Treat, R-Oklahoma City. “Senate confirmation of executive nominations has always been an important function of the institution. With the new gubernatorial appointments of agency directors, it’s even more important that we get it right and thoroughly vet executive nominations to ensure the men and women nominated are qualified and capable leaders who will serve the state of Oklahoma well. I look forward to reviewing the recommendations of the working group.”

Pro Tem Treat has set a deadline of April 4th for the working group to submit its recommendations to his office. The members of the working group are:

  • Senator Kim David, R-Porter
  • Senator Roger Thompson, R-Okemah
  • Senator Frank Simpson, R-Springer
  • Senator Rob Standridge, R-Norman
  • Senator Darrell Weaver, R-Moore
  • Senator Kay Floyd, D-Oklahoma City
  • Senator Julia Kirt, D-Oklahoma City

Monday, March 18, 2019

Music Monday: St. Patrick's Day in the Morning

This week's Music Monday is St. Patrick's Day in the Morning, an old Irish jig from the mid-1700s (although it may have originated from a Scottish composer). This particular recording is played on a fiddle believed to have been owned by American frontiersman and folk hero Davy Crockett. 


See below for all previous Music Monday posts. Do you have a song you'd like to suggest for a future Music Monday? Email me at

March 11th, 2019: What Wondrous Love is This
March 4th, 2019: Scandinavian Waltz
February 18th, 2019: Adagio for Strings
February 11th, 2019: 'Romance' from 'The Gadfly'
February 4th, 2019: Columbia, Gem of the Ocean
January 7th, 2019: Loch Lomond
December 31st, 2018: Auld Lang Syne
December 24th, 2018: Remember O, thou Man
December 17th, 2018: O Come, O Come, Emmanuel
December 10th, 2018: Carol of the Bells (medley)
December 3rd, 2018: God Rest Ye Merry, Gentlemen
November 26th, 2018: Happy Birthday
November 19th, 2018: My Heart is Filled with Thankfulness
November 12th, 2018: Hymn to the Fallen
October 29th, 2018: A Mighty Fortress is Our God
October 22nd, 2018: Hymn to Red October
October 15th, 2018:  Indian Reservation ("Cherokee People")
October 8th, 2018: Wagner's 'Columbus Overture'
October 1st, 2018: Danny Boy
September 24th, 2018: Dvorak's 'From The New World' Symphony, 4th Movement
September 17th, 2018: Deep River
September 10th, 2018: Muleskinner Blues
September 3rd, 2018: Boomer Sooner
August 20th, 2018: Psalm 23
August 13th, 2018: Ashokan Farewell
August 6, 2018: How the West Was Won
July 23rd, 2018: I Just Can't Wait to Be King
July 16th, 2018: 'Jupiter' from 'The Planets'
July 9th, 2018: Hail to the Spirit of Liberty
July 2nd, 2018: Turn The Tide
June 25th, 2018: Good Guys Win
June 18th, 2018: Watching You
June 11th, 2018: Adoration
June 4th, 2018: March from 'A Moorside Suite'
May 28th, 2018: Taps
May 21st, 2018: Listz's La Campanella
May 14th, 2018: Handful of Weeds
May 7th, 2018: Come Thou Fount of Every Blessing
April 30th, 2018: Polonaise in A-flat major, Op. 53 ("Heroic")
April 23rd, 2018: Blow Ye The Trumpet
April 16th, 2018: Asturias (Leyenda)
April 9th, 2018: Old Mountain Dew
April 2nd, 2018: His Life For Mine
March 19th, 2018: See, the Conqu'ring Hero Comes!
March 12th, 2018: Choctaw Nation
March 5th, 2018: Hark, I Hear The Harps Eternal
February 19th, 2018: The Olympic Spirit
February 12th, 2018: Olympic Fanfare and Theme
January 29th, 2018: Hail to the Chief
January 23rd, 2018: Waltz in A-Flat Major, Op. 39 No. 15
January 15th, 2018: Bleed The Same
January 8th, 2018: Saint-Saëns' Symphony No.3 'Organ' (Maestoso)
December 25th, 2017: God Rest Ye Merry, Gentlemen
December 18th, 2017: I Saw Three Ships (The Piano Guys)
December 11th, 2017:Who Is He In Yonder Stall
December 4th, 2017: Carol of the Bells (Mannheim Steamroller)
November 27th, 2017: Joy to the World!
November 20th, 2017: We Gather Together
November 13th, 2017: Mansions of the Lord
November 6th, 2017: Träumerei
October 30th: A Mighty Fortress Is Our God
October 23rd, 2017: In Christ Alone
October 16th, 2017: When I'm Knee Deep In Bluegrass
October 9th, 2017: I Pledge Allegiance to the Lamb
October 2nd, 2017: Piano Concerto No. 2 in B-flat major (Brahms)
September 25th, 2017: Beethoven's Sonata No. 8 in C minor ('Pathétique')
September 11th, 2017: Have You Forgotten?
September 4th, 2017: Bach's Double Violin Concerto
August 28th, 2017: Noah Found Grace In The Eyes Of The Lord
August 21st, 2017: The Heavens Are Telling The Glory of God
August 14th, 2017: Beethoven's 5th Symphony
August 7th, 2017: 'Lift High The Name Of Jesus' medley
July 31st, 2017: Fanfare for the Common Man
July 24th, 2017: Variations on 'Happy Birthday'
July 10th, 2017: Summer (Presto) from Vivaldi's Four Seasons
July 3rd, 2017: Freelance Fireworks Hall of Fame
June 26th, 2017: Praise to the Lord, the Almighty
June 19th, 2017: A Christian Home
June 12th, 2017: Ol' Man River
June 5th, 2017: Choctaw Cowboy
May 29th, 2017: Armed Forces Salute
May 22nd, 2017: Double Bass Concerto No.2 in B minor
May 15th, 2017: Pomp and Circumstance March No. 1 in D major
May 8th, 2017: The Army Goes Rolling Along
April 17th, 2017: He Is Alive
April 10th, 2017: Surely He Hath Borne/And With His Stripes/All We Like Sheep
April 3rd, 2017: Here Comes Carolina
March 27th, 2017: 'Spring' from Vivaldi's 'Four Seasons'
March 20th, 2017: Symphony No. 5 ("Reformation") Finale
March 13th, 2017: The Pigeon on the Gate
March 6th, 2017: Finlandia
February 27th, 2017: When I Can Read My Title Clear
February 20th, 2017: William Tell Overture - Finale
February 13th, 2017: 'Romance' from 'The Gadfly'
February 6th, 2017: White Winter Hymnal
January 30th, 2017: Hail, Columbia
January 23rd, 2017: Hail to the Chief
January 16th, 2017: Come, Ye Sinners, Poor and Needy
January 2nd, 2017: Auld Lang Syne
December 26th, 2016: Hark! The Herald Angels Sing
December 19th, 2016: I Wonder as I Wander
December 12th, 2016: O Come, O Come, Emmanuel
December 5th, 2016: A Christmas Festival
November 28th, 2016: God Rest Ye Merry, Gentlemen
November 21st: Beethoven's 'Hymn of Thanksgiving'
November 14th: Hymn to the Fallen
November 7th: This World Is Not My Home
October 31st, 2016: A Mighty Fortress Is Our God
October 24th, 2016: 'Mars', from 'The Planets'
October 17th, 2016: My Shepherd Will Supply My Need
October 10th, 2016: Spain
October 3rd, 2016: International Harvester
September 26th, 2016: 'The Imperial March' from Star Wars
September 19th, 2016: Awake the Trumpet's Lofty Sound
September 12th, 2016: Before the Throne of God Above
September 5th, 2016: The Hunt
August 29th, 2016: Liberty
August 22nd, 2016: Summon the Heroes
August 15th, 2016: Bugler's Dream
August 8th, 2016: Olympic Fanfare and Theme
August 1st, 2016: 'Prelude' and 'Parade of the Charioteers' from Ben-Hur
July 25th, 2016: How The West Was Won
July 18th, 2016: Six Studies in English Folk Song
July 11th, 2016: From Everlasting To Everlasting
July 4th, 2016: The Stars and Stripes Forever
June 27th, 2016: Rule, Britannia!
June 20st, 2016: Bugler's Holiday
June 13th, 2016: Ride of the Valkyries
June 6th, 2016: Piano Concerto in A Minor, Op. 54, Allegro Vivace
May 30th, 2016: Armed Forces Salute
May 23rd, 2016: Paid in Full (Through Jesus, Amen)
May 16th, 2016: Overture from 'Carmen'
May 9th, 2016: L'Arlesienne Suite No. 1 - Prelude
May 2nd, 2016: My God Is a Rock
April 25th, 2016: Toccata and Fugue in D Minor
April 18th, 2016: Paganini's Caprice No. 24 in A Minor
April 11th, 2016: Fantasia on a 17th Century Tune
April 4th, 2016: Hark The Sound/I'm a Tarheel Born
March 28th, 2016: Rustle of Spring
March 21st, 2016: 'Ode to Joy' sung by a 10,000-voice choir
March 14th, 2016: Hard Times Come Again No More
March 7th, 2016: 'The Suite' from Downton Abbey
February 29th, 2016: Moonlight Sonata
February 22nd, 2016: Liebestraum No. 3
February 15th, 2016: Help Is On The Way
February 8th, 2016: God of Grace and God of Glory
February 1st, 2016: 'My Story'
January 25th, 2016: Israeli Concertino
January 18th, 2016: What Grace is Mine
January 11th, 2016: "Meditation" from Thaïs
January 4th, 2016: Praeludium and Allegro
December 28th, 2015: Appalachian Carol
December 21st, 2015: God Rest Ye Merry, Gentlemen
December 14th, 2015: O Holy Night
December 7th, 2015: Christmas Fantasy
November 23rd, 2015: Simple Gifts
November 16th, 2015: Preacher Tell Me Like It Is
November 9th, 2015: Armed Forces Salute
November 2nd, 2015: Amazing Grace
October 26th, 2015: The Harmonious Blacksmith
October 19th, 2015: Liberty Fanfare
October 12th, 2015: The Majesty and Glory of Your Name
October 5th, 2015: Elgar's 'Enigma' Finale
September 28th, 2015: Stayed on Jesus
September 21st, 2015: Great Gate of Kiev
September 14th, 2015: Nearer, My God, To Thee

OCPA column: SB605 is bad policy, no matter where you try it

Senate Bill 605 is bad policy, no matter where you try it
By Kaitlyn Finley, policy research fellow at the Oklahoma Council of Public Affairs.

Although Oklahomans have wisely rejected repeated attempts to expand Medicaid under Obamacare, new proposals keeping popping up in their place like the many-headed Hydra.

The latest expansion proposal at the Oklahoma Capitol, Senate Bill 605, claims to be a “conservative” alternative to traditional Medicaid expansion. But SB 605 is just Obamacare Medicaid expansion by another name.

SB 605 would expand medical welfare benefits to a potential 628,000 able-bodied, working-age adults in Oklahoma. The program would be designed under the authority of a federal waiver. These new welfare beneficiaries would receive Medicaid benefits through commercial plans administered by another state-run program, Insure Oklahoma. If implemented, the federal government would pick up 90 percent of costs accrued from new expansion enrollees while Oklahoma state taxpayers would pay for the remaining 10 percent of costs. Based on the number of eligible enrollees and average per-person costs, Oklahoma state taxpayers could be on the hook for $374 million annually if they implemented SB 605.

Despite real-world fiscal nightmares in other states, some expansion proponents still claim that expanding Medicaid through a waiver and utilizing private commercial health plans will be a cheaper way to expand Medicaid. These are unfounded claims. Look no further than Arkansas, Iowa, and New Hampshire. These states implemented a plan similar to the one proposed in SB 605 and it left them in a financial mess.

Arkansas’ “private option” expansion plan has accrued more than $1.4 billion in cost overruns in the past three years. Iowa and New Hampshire decided to scrap their alternative expansion plans altogether in 2015 and 2018, respectively. To make matters worse, these states’ “conservative” expansion plans turned out to be even more expensive than if they had just adopted traditional Medicaid expansion in the first place.

Oklahoma lawmakers should be wary of any “conservative” option, like SB 605, to expand Medicaid through a federal waiver. Putting aside the price tag, any supposedly conservative features may be rescinded by the next liberal president, leaving Oklahoma paying the tab for all the costs from a new entitlement class of hundreds of thousands of able-bodied, working-age adults.

Oklahoma has already seen this happen when the Obama administration threatened to gut Insure Oklahoma and push individuals onto the expensive Obamacare exchange. The Obama administration did not want to approve an extension for Insure Oklahoma because the program has enrollment caps in place and generally requires beneficiaries to be working in order to receive partially subsidized health insurance. Oklahoma’s recent history with the Obama administration shows how foolish it would be to rely on temporary waivers, where authority lies solely with the federal government, particularly for proposals that have shown to be an inefficient use of taxpayer dollars.

With all the financial nightmares and program chaos surrounding waivers for Medicaid expansion and the rapid rise in Medicaid enrollment in general, states like Oklahoma should be wary of any expansion proposal. This is especially true when the whole plan relies on a temporary waiver and on promises of reimbursements from a benefactor that is already $22 trillion dollars in debt.

Kaitlyn Finley serves as a policy research fellow focusing on health care and welfare policy for the Oklahoma Council of Public Affairs.

Local School Protection Bill Passes House

Local School Protection Bill Passes House

OKLAHOMA CITY – A bill authorizing local school boards to adopt policies allowing authorized personnel to carry guns on campus passed the Oklahoma House of Representatives on Wednesday evening.

House Bill 2336 would allow districts to authorize certain personnel to carry a handgun on school property, as long as the personnel holds a valid reserve peace officer certification or possesses a valid handgun license.

The bill’s author, Rep. Sean Roberts, R-Hominy, said some districts struggle to find personnel willing to undergo the required private security guard training. The legislation would allow districts to work with law enforcement on alternative instruction.

“Having someone onsite who can respond to a potentially dangerous situation is critical,” Roberts said. “This legislation is especially important in our rural areas, where law enforcement is sometimes half an hour away when they receive a call. I was glad to work with county sheriffs on this bill and I’m grateful for their leadership and expertise in this area.”

HB2336 passed the House 72-25 and is now eligible to be heard by the Senate.

1889 Institute argues against Medicaid expansion

Less affordable than it seems

OKLAHOMA CITY, OK (March 18, 2019) – The 1889 Institute has published “Obamacare Medicaid Expansion: Still a Bad Idea,” which points out the drawbacks of Oklahoma expanding Medicaid under the federal Affordable Care Act (Obamacare).

In analyzing the possibility of expanding Medicaid in Oklahoma, regardless of how it is done, three broad issues emerge. First, advocates exaggerate need but minimize fiscal risks. Second, Obamacare Medicaid expansion would only exacerbate the health care price spiral above general inflation. And third, while expansion would enrich the already-rich health industry, Oklahoma would be prevented from efficiently and effectively solving its own problems.

“What has always galled me about Obamacare is it was sold as a solution to high health care prices, but it doubled down on the very policies that caused the high prices in the first place,” said the paper’s author, Dr. Byron Schlomach, economist and Director of the 1889 Institute. Dr. Schlomach blames the poor incentives that arise when consumers rely on “third-party payers” to pay for services – Medicaid, Medicare, and health insurance – for causing high health care prices.

The 1889 Institute’s publication refutes three main arguments of advocates for Medicaid expansion. First, it disputes that more federal money will have a significant economic impact or that Oklahomans are truly paying taxes for other states’ expansions. Second, it disputes whether most hospitals need additional funds while acknowledging that there might be a need to help specific rural hospitals. And third, it disputes alleged benefits from expanded health coverage.

Dr. Schlomach argues that Obamacare Medicaid expansion would make Oklahomans more dependent than citizens of other states and that expansion risks larger cuts in education and other programs when the state suffers revenue shortfalls. “Demand for Medicaid rises when finances are tightest, and our low cost of living causes people with good standards of living to qualify for assistance in higher numbers than in other states, since the federal poverty level is not adjusted for cost of living,” he said.

Finally, the publication asks several tough questions, including: Already consuming 1/7th of the economy, how much greater of a share does health care need? And, if all hospitals need financial help, why are so many constructing new facilities and expanding right now?

About the 1889 Institute
The 1889 Institute is an Oklahoma think tank committed to independent, principled state policy fostering limited and responsible government, free enterprise and a robust civil society. The publication, “Obamacare Medicaid Expansion: Still a Bad Idea” can be found on the nonprofit’s website at

Friday, March 15, 2019

Treat's abortion "trigger" bill changed to 2020 state question, passes Senate

Senate approves Pro Tem Treat bill to call a legislative referendum on abortion
Bill would let people vote to restrict Oklahoma Supreme Court’s ability to construe right to an abortion in state constitution

OKLAHOMA CITY – The Oklahoma Senate on Thursday in a bipartisan vote approved a bill from President Pro Tempore Greg Treat that would put a legislative referendum on the 2020 ballot to let voters decide whether to restrict the Oklahoma Supreme Court’s ability to construe a right to an abortion in the state constitution.

Senate Bill 195 passed on a 40-8 vote and now heads to the House for consideration.

“The Oklahoma Constitution contains no language that guarantees a right to an abortion, yet the Oklahoma Supreme Court has crept dangerously closer to inventing such a right,” said Treat, R-Oklahoma City. “Recently, Planned Parenthood and others have strategically challenged pro-life legislation in state courts in the hope that the Oklahoma Supreme Court will find a right to an abortion in the state constitution. By allowing these cases to advance in state court rather than federal court, the Oklahoma Supreme Court is implicitly showing their willingness to make up out of whole cloth a right to an abortion in the state Constitution where none exists. We cannot allow that to happen as it would be a tremendous setback for the pro-life movement. Senate Bill 195 gives the people of Oklahoma the ability to loudly proclaim their strong desire to protect the sanctity of life.”

A previous version of SB 195 contained “trigger” language that would have made enforceable Oklahoma’s prohibition on abortion in the event the central holding of Roe v. Wade or Planned Parenthood v. Casey were overturned by the federal courts, or if the U.S. Constitution were amended to protect life. Due to the findings of those two federal court cases, Oklahoma’s prohibition on abortion – which has existed since 1910 – is unenforceable.

“I still hope and pray that one day soon the U.S. Supreme Court will correct the judicial mistake of the past that legalized abortion in Roe versus Wade and Planned Parenthood versus Casey. But it’s far more likely, in the short-term, that the Oklahoma Supreme Court finds an invented right to an abortion in the state constitution than the U.S. Supreme Court overturning Roe or Casey,” Treat said.

Treat said he expects to pursue the “trigger” language in another bill at some point in the future.

Thursday, March 14, 2019

State House Passes Bill to Protect Election Integrity

House Passes Bill to Protect Election Integrity

OKLAHOMA CITY — The Oklahoma House of Representatives passed a bill Tuesday evening to authorize the State Election Board to check various databases to confirm the citizenship status of a person registering to vote.

House Bill 2429 by Rep. Sean Roberts, R-Hominy, authorizes the State Election Board to conduct a data validation of Oklahoma’s voter registration database with other state and federal databases to confirm someone’s citizenship status.

“This bill would help restore faith in the electoral process by verifying only those prescribed by law are voting,” Roberts said. “Our democracy is based on the principle of each citizen having one vote, and this bill is another safeguard to protect the integrity of elections within our state.”

Roberts said the measure is especially necessary in the case of close elections, such as last year’s attorney general primary race.

HB2429 passed the House floor with a 66-26 vote and now moves to the Senate for consideration.

Rep. Sean Roberts, a Republican, serves District 36 in the Oklahoma House of Representatives, which includes Osage and Tulsa Counties.

Wednesday, March 13, 2019

House votes to increase Medicaid reimbursement rate for nursing homes

House Passes Bill to Increase Nursing Home Funding

OKLAHOMA CITY – The Oklahoma House of Representatives passed a bill Tuesday that will increase the Medicaid reimbursement rate for nursing homes in Oklahoma to improve the quality of care for residents.

In addition to increasing the Medicaid reimbursement rate, House Bill 1902, by State Rep. Marcus McEntire, R-Duncan, would improve staffing ratios, increase staff training and incentivize nursing homes to improve care using a pay-for-performance model that would improve rankings on quality of care.

“Taking great care of the residents in our nursing homes is a moral and civic duty,” McEntire said. “But, this requires additional funning. With better pay and better training, staff will be able to provide better care to the residents in these facilities.”

HB 1902 passed the House by a vote of 93-2. It now moves to the state Senate for consideration.

Stitt signs Agency Accountability bills, praises legislative leadership


Oklahoma City, Okla. (March 13, 2019) – Governor Kevin Stitt today signed five agency accountability bills that give the executive branch the authority to hire and fire agency leaders for the Oklahoma Healthcare Authority (SB 456), Oklahoma Department of Transportation (SB 457), Oklahoma Department of Corrections (HB 2480), Oklahoma Office of Juvenile Affairs (HB 2479), and Oklahoma Department of Mental Health and Substance Abuse Services (HB 2483).

“This marks a historic day for the State of Oklahoma,” said Stitt. “With this legislation we are ensuring Oklahoma’s government is truly accountable to the people of Oklahoma. These reforms empower elected officials to deliver stronger oversight, better services, and accountable leadership across the state’s five largest agencies, and by maintaining governing boards, we will continue to ensure transparency in all agency operations. I would like to thank Speaker McCall and President Pro Tem Treat for championing these pieces of legislation that will undoubtedly help move our state forward.”

“Under our current structure, agency directors and boards are not accountable to anyone – certainly not to the governor or the taxpayers of Oklahoma,” said House Speaker Charles McCall. “This historic agreement transforms our government in a way that delivers real accountability for Oklahoma’s citizens. This has been a shared goal between the governor and House and Senate Republicans, and I am very thankful for the cooperation and leadership of Gov. Stitt and President Pro Tempore Treat. These bills ensure that the governor will truly be the chief executive of the executive branch by allowing him to hire and fire those agency directors, and it ensures that the Legislature maintains more oversight over those agencies that spend taxpayer money.”

“Since I’ve been in the Oklahoma Senate, Republicans have done a lot of great things like workers’ comp reform, pension reform, DHS reform, enacting the largest teacher pay raise in state history, and advanced the cause of life,” said Senate President Pro Tem Greg Treat. “But the government accountability measures, in my opinion, are the most substantial reforms Republicans will achieve in my tenure at the Capitol. For too long, agencies have been unaccountable to the people of Oklahoma. That’s wrong and that is changing for the better. Now, Oklahomans will know who to hold accountable for the successes or failures of these five agencies. This truly gives Governor Stitt the ability to put into place the leaders who can carry out his vision that will make Oklahoma a Top 10 state. I want to thank Governor Stitt and Speaker McCall for their hard work and cooperation. This is an amazing achievement that will transform Oklahoma for the next century. It’s the dawn of a new day across Oklahoma and it’s a day that will help us achieve an even better and brighter future.”

The agency accountability bills include the following provisions: 

  • The Governor will have the authority to hire and fire the agency leader.
  • Senate will have confirmation authority of the agency leader.
  • State agencies will maintain governing boards, but board members will serve at will and the legislation will include a conflict of interest provision.
  • The Governor will appoint a majority of the board members, and the House and Senate will gain appointment seats on the boards.
  • The House and Senate will be able to remove agency leaders by achieving a two-third vote in both Chambers.